Zhangjing Chen

Research Scientist

Areas of Expertise

My research area includes, not limited to, wood drying specializing at wood vacuum drying, vacuum/steam phytosanitation and life cycle analysis of biomaterials, forest products.


  • Ph. D., Wood Science and Forest Products, January 1998. Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • M.S., Wood Science and Forest Products, May 1993. Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • M.S., Wood Drying, Forest Products, July 1988. Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, P.R. China.           
  • B.S., Wood Science and Forest Products, July 1983. Fujian Forestry College, Fujian, P.R. China

Zhangjing Chen, Mark White, Jon Eisenback. 2008. Research Shows Vacuum Treatment Effective at Killing Insects in Wood Va. Tech Seeks Okay for ISPM-15 Treatment Pallet Enterprise. 12, 2008.


Song, Xiaozhou, Lei, Yafang, and Chen, Zhangjing, Reconstituted Composite From Crop Stalks. In J. Paulo Davim and Alfredo Aguilera, (Eds.), Wood Composites: Materials, Manufacturing and Engineering (Advanced Composites). De Gruyter; Germany. pp209.  (September 11, 2017). ISBN: 3110416077.


Evaluation of vacuum and steam heat as a methyl bromide alternative for phytosanitary treatment of hardwood and softwood logs. 2017. NIFA USDA, $393,049.

Educational workshops and field demonstrations of new non-chemical phytosanitary treatment of infected logs and timber to stimulate forest fuel utilization and extraction. 2017. Forest Service, USDA. $111,200

Feasibility of using steam and vacuum to control coconut rhinoceros beetle infestations in ground mulch Preliminary assessment.  2017.  APHIS, $68,290

The Efficacy of Steam and Vacuum as a Quarantine and Pre-shipment Phytosanitary Treatment to Control Cerambycidae Pest Populations in Bamboo Poles.   APHIS, 2016, $81,224.

Steam and Vacuum Treatment of High Risk, Large Timber, Solid Wood Packing Material and Dunnage.  APHIS, 2015, $90,000

Numerical Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in wood during Vacuum/steam Phytosanitation, Sponsored by Inner Mongolian Agriculture University, 2014 $20,417

USDA/APHIS Phytosanitation treatment of quarantined commodities in packaging, using steam and vacuum.  Issued by APHIS, 2013. APHIS NO. 13-8130-0326-CA.  $105,336.

USDA/APHIS Using steam and vacuum to heat treat hardwood veneer logs for export (second phase), Issued by APHIS, 2012. Under proposal number 12-2684-06 in the amount of $64,349

Steam/ Vacuum Treatment Of Live Asian Long Horned Beetle Infested Logs In China, Issued by APHIS, 2012. Research to be done in Inner Mongolia, China.  $50,000.

Using steam and vacuum to heat treat hardwood veneer logs for export, Issued by APHIS, 2011.  $55,601.

Investigation of vacuum/steam treatment to eliminate the pests in ash logs and ash firewood, issued by Forest Service, USDA, 2011. $102,285.

Development of a highly efficient steam and vacuum phytosanitation treatment for solid wood packaging materials, issued by USDA, 2010. $106,936.

Efficacy of vacuum/steam treatment for the control of insects and mold fungi in cotton bales and solid wood packaging materials. Fong’s Industries, Hong Kong.  2007. $150,000

Investigation on the efficacy of vacuum control of Emerald ash borer and pinewood nematode under field conditions, issued by USDA, 2006 $130,707.

Preliminary investigation of high vacuum to control Chinese longhorned beetles in naturally infested wood. USDA, APHIS PPQ, Cape Cod, MA. 2006. $16,000

Investigation on the vacuum lethal time and lethal percentage weight loss of Asian longhorned beetle and Emerald ash borer, issued by USDA, 2005 $94,216.

Commercial feasibility of vacuum to control insects in raw wood packaging materials Research award, issued by USDA, 2004 $99,996

Development of Vacuum Drying Schedules for Common Species. American Moisten Company, Pineville, NC. 2003. $7,000

Application of vacuum to control insects in raw wood packaging materials, Research award, issued by USDA, 2002, $87,440

The Design of a System to Dry Green Hardwood Dimension, Research, issued by USDA, 2000, $83,251

Zhangjing Chen, Marshall White, and Zengchu Qiu. 2017. Investigation of Vacuum and Steam Treatments to Heat Treat and Sanitize Firewood-Grade Ash Logs and Ash Firewood. Forest Products Journal: Vol. 67, No. 3-4, pp. 258-265.

Xiaotao Zhang, Yinan Hao, Ximing Wang, and Zhangjing Chen. 2017. Rapid Removal of Zinc(II) from Aqueous Solutions Using a Mesoporous Activated Carbon Prepared from Agricultural Waste. Materials 10(9):1002; doi:10.3390/ma10091002.

Xiaotao Zhang, Yinan Hao, Ximing Wang, Zhangjing Chen. 2017. Adsorption of iron(III), cobalt(II), and nickel(II) on activated carbon derived from Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Bunge hull: mechanisms, kinetics and influencing parameters.  Water Science and Technology. 2017 Apr; 75(7-8):1849-1861. DOI: 10.2166/wst.2017.067.

Xiaotao Zhang, Ximing Wang, and Zhangjing Chen. 2017. Novel Nanocomposite as an Efficient Adsorbent for the Rapid Adsorption of Ni(II) from Aqueous Solution.  Materials. 2017, 10(10), 1124; doi:10.3390/ma10101124.

Yafang Lei, Jing Zhang, Zhangjing Chen, Xiaozhou Song, Zhonghui Huang, Jianping Xiao. 2017.  Mechanical Properties of Mulberry Branch Reconstituted Square Lumber.  BioResources 12(3): 5838-5850.

Kong Yue, Zhangjing Chen, Weidong Lu, Weiqing Liu, Mengyu Li, Yaling Shao, Lijuan Tang, Li Wan. 2017. Evaluating the mechanical and fire-resistance properties of modified fast-growing Chinese fir timber with boric-phenol-formaldehyde resin. Construction and Building Materials 154 (2017) 956–962.

Zhe Wang, Zhi-xin Zhou, Xi-ming Wang & Zhang-jing Chen. 2017. Relationships between transpiration, water loss, and air conditions during physiological drying.  Drying Technology, June: 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/07373937.2017.1326499.

Li Yan and Zhangjing Chen. 2017. Dynamic viscoelastic properties of heat-treated glycerolimpregnated poplar wood. Eur. J. Wood Prod. DOI: 10.1007/s00107-017-1210-y.

Xianwu Zhou, Yurong Wang, Li Wang, Jianxiong Lv, Rongjun Zhao, Lihong Yao, Zhangjing Chen. 2017. Cell wall structure and mechanical properties of salix psammophila. Wood research. 62 (1): 1-12.

Jun Zhou, Kong Yue, Weidong Lu, Zhangjing Chen, Xiucai Cheng, Weiqing Liu, Chong Jia & Lijuan Tang. 2017. Bonding performance of melamine-ureaformaldehyde and phenol-resorcinolformaldehyde adhesives in interior grade glulam. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1080/01694243.2017.1313185.

Zhangjing Chen, M.S. White and Ron Mack. 2016. Evaluating vacuum and steam process on hardwood veneer logs for export. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 1-8. DOI: 10.1007/s00107-016-1138-7.

Xiaotao Zhang, Yinan Hao, Ximing Wang, Zhangjing Chen, and Chun Li.  2016. Competitive Adsorption of Cadmium(II) and Mercury(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Activated Carbon from Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge Hull. Journal of Chemistry, vol. 2016, Article ID 4326351, 10 pages, 2016. Doi:10.1155/2016/4326351.

Zhiqiang Gao, Rongfeng Huang , Jianxiong Lu, Zhangjing Chen , Fei Guo, Tianyi Zhan. 2016. Sandwich compression of wood: control of creating density gradient on lumber thickness and properties of compressed wood.  Wood Science and Technology. First online: 05 April 2016. pp 1-12.

Kong Yue, Weiqing Liu, Zhangjing Chen, Xiaoning Lu,  and Weidong Lu. 2016. Investigation of the Creep Property of Fast-growing Poplar Wood Modified with Low Molecular Weight Resins.  Bioresources, 11(1):1620-1633

Yun Li, Xianjun Li, Qiongtao Huang, Yiqiang Wu, Xingong Li, Zhangjing Chen. 2015. Impregnation of Microcrystalline Wax to Improve Rosewood Dimensional Stability and Surface Hardness. Bioresources, 10(3) 5994-6000

Fei Guo, Rongfeng Huang, Jianxiong Lv, Zhangjing Chen,Yongjian Cao.  2014. Evaluating the effect of heat treating temperature and duration on selected wood properties using comprehensive cluster analysis. Journal of Wood Science. Volume 60, Issue 4, 255-262.

Weiwei Shangguan, Haiqing Ren, Jianxiong Lv, Benhua Fei, Zhangjing Chen,

Rongjun Zhao, and Youke Zhao. 2014. Cell Wall Property Changes of White Rot Larch during Decay Process. BioResources 9(3), 4297-4310.

Rongfeng Huang,  Yanmei Wu,  Youke Zhao, Jianxiong Lv, Jiali Jiang, Zhangjing Chen. 2013. Factors Affecting the Temperature Increasing Rate in Wood during Radio-Frequency Heating.  Drying Technology. 31:246-252.

Li Xiaoling, Gao Ruiqing, Gou Tao, Zhang Libin, Chen Zhangjing. 2012. Radio Frequency/Vacuum Drying for Boxed-Heart Square Timber of Plantation Larch.  Forestry Science. China, 48:(9) 127-131.

Zhangjing Chen, Marshall White, Yiqiang Wu.  2012. Vacuum Steam Phytosanitation of Hardwood Pallets and Pallet Stringers.  Forest Products Journal. 62(5):378-382.

Zhangjing Chen, Eric Mougel, Patrick Perre and Robert L Youngs.  2009. Equilibrium moisture content of Norway spruce at low pressure. Wood and Fiber Science, 41(3):325-328.

Zhangjing Chen, Marshall S. White, Melody A. Keena, Therese M. Poland and Erin L. Clark. 2008.  Evaluation of vacuum technology to kill larvae of the Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), and the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in wood.  Forest Products Journal, 58(11):87-93.

Zhangjing Chen and Fred M. Lamb. 2007.  Analysis of the Vacuum Drying Rate for Red Oak in a Hot Water Vacuum Drying System. Drying Technology, 25:497-500.

Zhangjing Chen, Marshall S. White and W.H. Robinson. 2006.  Preliminary Evaluation of Vacuum to Control Wood-boring Insects in Raw Wood Packaging Materials, Forest Products Journal, July/Aug. 56(7/8):21-25. 

Paul Winistorfer, Zhangjing Chen, Bruce Lippke, and Nicole Stevens. 2005. Energy Consumption and Green House Emissions Related to the Use, Maintenance, and Disposal of a Residential Structure, Wood and Fiber Science, Dec. 37:128-139. 

Zhu-Qiang Hou, Zhangjing Chen, and Robert S. Wright. 2004.  Theoretical Exploration of Factors Affecting Dielectric Constants of Masson Pine, Holzforschung. Vol. 58:418-422.

Zhangjing Chen and Fred M. Lamb. 2004.  A Vacuum Drying System for Green Hardwood Parts, Drying Technology. Vol. 22. (3)577-595.

Zhangjing Chen and Fred M. Lamb. 2003.  Analysis of Cyclic Vacuum Drying Curve, Wood Science and Technology 31:213-219.

Ze-Hui Jiang, Zhangjing Chen, Ben-Hua Fen, Zhu-qiang Hou and Guihua Chen. 2003.  Modeling Ovendry Softwood Resistivity Based on the Resistor Network Theory, Holzforschung. July, Vol. 57:415-420.

Zhangjing Chen and Fred M. Lamb. 2002.  Theoretical Equilibrium Moisture Content of Wood Under Vacuum, Wood and Fiber Science, Oct. 34(4):553-559. 

Zhu-qiang Hou, Xiao-Mei Jiang, Ning Guan, and Zhangjing Chen. 2002.  Theoretical Determination of Moisture and Heat Transfer to Lumber during Pre-heating, Wood and Fiber Science, April. 34(2):287-292. 

Zhangjing Chen and Fred M. Lamb. 2001.  Investigation of Boiling Front During Vacuum Drying of Wood, Wood and Fiber Science, Oct. 33(4):639-647.

Zhangjing Chen and Fred M. Lamb. 2001.  Vacuum Drying of Small Wood Components at Room Temperature, Forest Products Journal, Oct. 51(10):55-57.

Zhangjing Chen, Eugene M. Wengert and Fred M. Lamb. 1993.  A Technique to Electrically Measure the Moisture Content of Wood above Fiber Saturation, Forest Products Journal, Sept. 44(9):57-62.

Zhangjing Chen.  2003.  Increasing Furniture Manufacturing Efficiency, Furniture, China, Jan. pp 14-17.

Fred M. Lamb and Zhangjing Chen. 1994.  Technical Trend of Furniture Manufacturing, Furniture, China, Jan. pp3-4.  

Zhangjing Chen
  • (540) 231-4403
  • chengo@vt.edu
  • Brooks Forest Products Center (0503)
    1650 Research Center Drive
    Blacksburg, VA