Robert J. Bush

Professor

My work involves two related areas: forest products and packaging. Within each, I study marketing and related business functions. I believe that the great majority of students will be employed in positions which require them to understand and use business concepts and incorporate opportunities to gain this knowledge into my courses. I believe that we learn by doing as well as studying. Consequently, my courses incorporate experiential opportunities wherever possible. I enjoy working with both undergraduate and graduate students.

Areas of Expertise

  • Marketing
  • Competitive Strategy
  • Capital Budgeting and Decision Making
  • Structural Characteristics of Wood-Based Industries
  • Packaging as a Marketing Function

Education

  • B.S. - University of Minnesota, 1984
  • M.S. - Virginia Tech, 1986
  • Ph.D. - Virginia Tech, 1989

Professional Skills for Sustainable Biomaterials Graduate Students
5984 Spring 2014
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 10

Seminar in Forest Products Business
4004 Spring 2014
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 18

Culture, Natural Resources and Design in Ireland
3954 Spring 2014
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 12

Introduction to Forest Products Marketing
2614 Spring 2014
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 41

Culture, Natural Resources, and Design in Ireland
5954 Spring 2013
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 1

Principles of Packaging
2104 Fall 2013
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 41

Culture, Natural Resources, and Design in Ireland
3954 Spring 2013
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 14

Introduction to Forest Products Marketing
2614 Spring 2013
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 27

Introduction to Forest Products Marketing
2614 Spring 2013
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 43

Wood Materials Science
WOOD 5124 Spring 2012
Instructor: Audrey Zink-Sharp, Course Coordinator and Instructor, taught 4 weeks. Additional instructors: Brian Bond, Bob Bush, Chip Frazier, Joe Loferski

Number of Students: 8

Graduate Seminar in Forest Products Marketing
4004 Fall 2012
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 6

Culture, Natural Resources and Design in Ireland
5954 Spring 2012
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 1

Culture, Natural Resources and Design in Ireland
3954 Spring 2012
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 11

Wood Materials Science
SBIO 5124 Fall 2012
Instructor: Audrey Zink-Sharp, Brian Bond, Bob Bush, Chip Frazier, Joe Loferski
Number of Students: 4

Principles of Packaging
2104 Fall 2012
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 36

Introduction to Forest Products Marketing
WOOD 2614 Spring 2011
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 22

Principles of Packaging
WOOD 2104 Spring 2011
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 14

Principles of Packaging
WOOD 2104 Fall 2011
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 12

Culture, Natural Resources and Design in Ireland
WOOD 3954 AND 5954 Spring 2011
Instructor: Robert Bush and A. L. Hammett
Number of Students: 15

Special Study: Fundamentals of Wood Material Science
WOOD 5984 Fall 2008
Instructor: Audrey Zink-Sharp, Brian Bond, Robert Bush, Charles Frazier, Daniel Hindman
Number of Students: 5

Fundamentals of Wood Materials Science
WOOD 5984 Fall 2007
Instructor: Audrey Zink-Sharp (course coordinator), Charles Frazier, Joseph Loferski, and Robert Bush
Number of Students: 7

Distribution and Marketing of Wood Products
WOOD 4614 Spring 2004
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 9

Distribution and Marketing of Wood Products
WOOD 4614 Spring 2003
Instructor: Robert Bush
Number of Students: 10

Introduction to Renewable Resources
NR 1114 Fall 2002
Instructor: Robert Bush and Wolfgang Glasser
Number of Students: 19

  • Stephanie A. Smith. 2015. M.S. Evaluating Consumer Response to Environmental Labels on Packaging Using Eye-Tracking.
    Professor(s): Robert J. Bush

 

  • Jonghun Park. 2015. Ph.D. Investigation of Fundamental Relationships to Improve the Sustainability of Unit-Loads.
    Professor(s): Robert Bush/Laszlo Horvath

 

  • Buehlmann, Urs, Phil Araman, and Robert Bush. 2010. Pallet re-use and recycling saves high value material from landfills. Engagement Matters, College of Natural Resources, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 2(1):8.
  • Chamberlain, James, A.L. Hammett, Robert J. Bush, and Philip A. Araman. 2006. Managing National Forests of Southern United States for Non-Timber Forest Products. Society and Natural Resources. (in review).
  • Field, David B., Glenn D. Mroz, H. William Rockwell, Thomas E. McLain, and Robert J. Bush. 2002. Report of the Society of American Foresters and the Society of Wood Science and Technology Accreditation Team Site Visit. Submitted to the College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York. 21 pp.
  • Bejune, J.J., R.J. Bush, P.A. Araman and D. Cumbo. 2002. Wood Use Trends in the Pallet and Container Industry: 1992 - 1999. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 34 p.
  • Bush, R.J. and R.L. Smith. 2001. Assessment of the Needs for Marketing Training in the Forestry Sector in Chile. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome. 38 p.
  • Corr, D. and R.J. Bush. 2001. The Status of Pallet Recovery at U.S. Landfills. Research Update (January). 2 p.
  • Bejune, J.J., R.J. Bush and P.A. Araman. 2001. Wood Use Trends in the Pallet and Container Industry: 1992-1999. Research Update (June). 2 p.
  • Cumbo, D., R.J. Bush, and R.L. Smith. 2001. The Upholstered Furniture Industry: Material Use Trends in Frame Stock Applications. Report to Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturers, Inc. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 21 pages.
  • Bush, R.J. and S. Gomon. 2001. Sap Stain Chemicals Market Study. Report on research conducted for ISK Biocides, Inc. March.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 2000. Survey of Training Needs in Forest Products Marketing in Chili: Preliminary Report. Report submitted to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Blacksburg, Virginia. 45 p.
  • Gomon, S. and R.J. Bush. 2000. Characteristics and Purchasing Behaviors of Customers included in the AHMI "Height of Beauty" Promotional Campaign. Report on original research conducted for Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturer, Inc. June 8.
  • Bush, R.J. 2000. What is Marketing?, Promotion, Marketing Research, and Marketing Strategy. Chapters in Marketing Forest Products, workbook to accompany the short-course of the same name. Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • Bumgardner, M., R.J. Bush and C.D. West. 1999. Character-Mark Usage in the Furniture Industry: Barriers to Acceptance. Research Update (April). 4 p.
  • Bush, R.J. 1999. What is Marketing? and A Short Introduction to Forest Products. Chapters in Selling Forest Products, workbook to accompany the short-course of the same name. Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.
  • Bush, R.J. 1999. Emerging Markets for US Hardwood Products in South Africa: Identifying Needs and Removing Barriers. Report submitted to the University of Kentucky Foundation under subcontract UKRF 4-61460-99-87. March. 20 p.
  • Bumgardner, M., R.J. Bush and C.D. West. 1999. Character-Mark Usage in the Furniture Industry: Overcoming Barriers. Research Update (August). 5 p.
  • Bush, R.J. 1998. Results of a 1998 Survey of Appalachian Hardwood Manufacturers, Inc. Members Survey. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1997. Final Report: Cooperative Agreement Number 96-0317-08. The Identification of Market Opportunities for Wood in the U.S. Transportation System: Phase II. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia. September.
  • Interviewed by the Wall Street Journal, Inner Voice, The Merchant Magazine, and Pallet Enterprise. 1997. Interviewed by the Inner Voice and quoted in "A Hard Look at a Hard Business: Wood Recycling." (Nov./Dec. 1997 issue. p. 8-11). Interviewed Modern Materials Handling and quoted in "How Good is Your Wood" (2001, 56(5): 55,57 .
  • Smith, R.L., R.J. Bush and S. Bowe. 1997. Final Report: Project No. NA-95-0290. The Role of New Technology Adoption in the Timber Market and Its Affect on Rural Economic Development - Phase II. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia. No.
  • Hansen, E.N., V.S. Reddy, J. Punches, and R.J. Bush. 1997. Wood Material Use in the U.S. Furniture and Cabinet Industries: 1993 and 1995. Aktrin Research Institute, High Point, North Carolina. ISBN 0-921577-63-X. 50 p.
  • Smith, P.A., D. Cohen and R.J. Bush. 1996. International Forest Products Marketing. A chapter in Forests - A Global Perspective. S.K. Majumdar, E.W. Miller, and F.J. Brenner, eds. The Pennsylvania Academy of Science. Easton, Pennsylvania. p. 489-503.
  • Forbes, C.L., R.J. Bush, V.S. Reddy and R.L. Smith. 1996. Competitive Strategy in the Wood Household Furniture Industry. Research Update. Center for Forest Products Management, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia. May.
  • Hansen, E., V.S. Reddy, J. Punches, and R. J. Bush. 1995. Wood Materials Use in the U.S. Cabinet Industry: 1993-1995. Center for Forest Products Marketing. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 18 p.
  • Bush, R.J. 1995. Virginia Forest Products Companies Have a Marketing Advantage. In: Development Opportunities for Wood Products in Virginia. College of Forestry and Wildlife Resources. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. p. 32 - 34.
  • Hansen, E.N., V.S. Reddy, J.W. Punches, and R.J. Bush. 1995. Wood Materials Use in the U.S. Furniture Industry: 1993-1995. Center for Forest Products Marketing. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 19 p.
  • Reddy, V.S. and R.J. Bush. 1995. The Relationship Between Price and Softwood Lumber Quality in the U.S. Treating Industry: A Summary Report to Study Participants. Center for Forest Products Marketing. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 10 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1995. Factors Influencing the Adoption of Timber Bridges. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. USDA Forest Service. Technical Publication NA-TP-02-95 Morgantown, West Virginia. 41 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1995. A Perceptional Investigation into the Adoption of Timber Bridges. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. USDA Forest Service. Technical Publication NA-TP-03-95 Morgantown, West Virginia. 21 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1995. A Strategic Evaluation of Factors Affecting the Adoption of Timber Bridges. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. USDA Forest Service. Technical Publication NA-TP-06-95 Morgantown, West Virginia. 22 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1995. Marketing Practices on the Timber Bridge Industry: 1993. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. USDA Forest Service. Technical Publication NA-TP-05-95 Morgantown, West Virginia. 16 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1995. A Hierarchical Analysis of Bridge Decision-Makers. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. USDA Forest Service. Technical Publication NA-TP-04-95 Morgantown, West Virginia. 22 p.
  • Flynn, T., T. Eddins, and R.J. Bush. 1994. An Economic Development Strategy for Barbour County, West Virginia. Final report for Barbour County Development Authority. Phillipi, West Virginia. 96 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1994. Decision-Maker Perceptions of Timber Bridges in the United States. Research Update. Center for Forest Products Marketing. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. (March) 4 p.
  • Hansen, E.N., R.J. Bush, and J.W. Punches. 1994. Recycling in the U.S. Pallet Industry: 1993. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 15 p.
  • Hansen, E.N., R.J. Bush, and J.W. Punches. 1994. Adding Value to Softwood Lumber: An Emphasis on Quality. Research Update. Center for Forest Products Marketing. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 4 p.
  • Bush, R.J., E.N. Hansen, and J.W. Punches. 1994. Wood Use in the U.S. Pallet and Container Industry: 1993. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 20 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1994. A Hierarchical Analysis of the Bridge Decision Making Process. Center for Forest Products Marketing. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 109 p.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1994. Final Report: Project No. NA-95-0250. A Hierarchical Analysis of Factors Affecting the Adoption of Timber Bridges - Final Report. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1994. Decision-Maker Perceptions of Timber Bridges in the United States. USDA Forest Service. Crossings 17(August):3-6.
  • Bush, R.J. and J.R. Loferski. 1993. Design and Evaluation of a Potential Wood Deck Refurbishing Product. Final Report to the Southern Forest Products Association. Blacksburg, Virginia. 11 p.
  • Flynn, T., T. Eddins, and R.J. Bush. 1993. An Economic Development Strategy for Jackson County, West Virginia. Final Report to Jackson County Development Authority. Ravenswood, West Virginia. 120 p.
  • Flynn, T., T. Eddins, and R.J. Bush. 1993. Case Studies and Industry Surveys. Report to Jackson County Development Authority. Ravenswood, West Virginia. 62 p.
  • Hansen, E.N., R.J. Bush, and J.W. Punches. 1993. Recycling in the U.S. Pallet Industry: 1992. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 16 p.
  • Ponzurick, T.G., R.J. Bush, D. Schaupp, and P.A. Araman. 1993. Decision Criteria for German Hardwood Lumber Buyers: Market Needs and Purchase Requirements. Appalachian Export Center for Hardwoods, West Virginia University. Morgantown, West Virginia. 32 p.
  • Hansen, E.N., R.J. Bush, and J.W. Punches. 1993. Wood Materials Use in the U.S. Cabinet Industry: 1992-1994. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 28p.
  • Hansen, E.N., R.J. Bush, and J.W. Punches. 1993. Wood Materials Use in the U.S. Pallet and Container Industry: 1992-1994. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 26 p.
  • Hansen, E.N., R.J. Bush, and J.W. Punches. 1993. Wood Materials Use in the U.S. Furniture Industry: 1992-1994. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 33 p.
  • Bush, R.J. 1992. Premium Hardwoods: Strategic Planning for a West Coast Lumber Company. A section in Instructor's Manual to Accompany Forest Products Marketing by S. A. Sinclair. McGraw-Hill, New York. p. 46,47.
  • Bush, R. J., (co-author with S.A. Sinclair). 1992. Hardwood Lumber and Secondary Products. A chapter in Forest Products Marketing by S.A. Sinclair. McGraw-Hill, New York. p. 205-237 .
  • Christoforo, J.C., V.S. Reddy, J.W. Punches, and R.J. Bush. 1992. Wood-Based Material Use in the U.S. Pallet and Container Industry: 1991 and 1993. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 31 p.
  • Bush, R.J. 1992. The United Kingdom Market for U.S. Hardwoods. Appalachian Export Center for Hardwoods Research Brief RB-92-7. West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. 2 p.
  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, and P.A. Araman. 1992. Etude d'image aux Etats-Unis. Le Bois National 18(May):15-19.
  • Punches, J.W., R.J. Bush, and S.A. Sinclair. 1992. Wood Materials Use in the U.S. Cabinet Industry: 1991-1993. Center for Forest Products Marketing, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, Virginia. 55 p.
  • Bush, R.J. 1991. Premium Hardwoods: Planning for the Future. A case in Forest Products Marketing by S.A. Sinclair. McGraw-Hill, New York. p. 349-356.
  • Bush, R.J., F.C. Njiti, and D.R. McCurdy. 1988. An Economic Feasibility Analysis of Solar Predrying at Cairo Dry Kiln. Department of Forestry, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. Carbondale, Illinois. 73 p.

 

 

Global Education award for international program development
Investigator(s): R.J. Bush
Sponsor: Virginia Tech global Education
Amount: $2,500
May 5, 2015 - May 5, 2016

Joint Venture Agreement for Distance Learning
Investigator(s): Robert Bush and Kieran Lindsey
Sponsor: United States Department of Agriculture
Amount: $55,000
August 1, 2012 - July 30, 2013

Donation of CAM Sample Cutting Table
Investigator(s): Robert Bush and Robert Mollenhauer
Sponsor: Gerber Technologies
Amount: $55,000 estimated value
August 17, 2012 - August 1, 2017

High Value Market Opportunites for Eastern Hardwoods
Investigator(s): Robert Bush
Sponsor: USDA - Forest Service
Amount: $9,819
August 1, 2012 - July 30, 2013

USDA/Virginia Tech Joint Venture Agreement
Investigator(s): Bush, R. J. and K. Lindsey
Sponsor: USDA-Forest Service
Amount: $129,600
January 1, 2009 - January 30, 2010

USDA/Virginia Tech Joint Venture Agreement
Investigator(s): Bush, R. J. and K. Lindsey
Sponsor: USDA-Forest Service
Amount: $143,600
July 1, 2008 - June 30, 2009

USDA/Virginia Tech Joint Venture Agreement
Investigator(s): Bush, R. J. and G. Evans
Sponsor: USDA-Forest Service
Amount: $159,600
July 1, 2007 - June 30, 2008

USDA/Virginia Tech Joint Venture Agreement
Investigator(s): Bush, R. J
Sponsor: USDA-Forest Service
Amount: $209,600
July 1, 2006 - June 30, 2007

USDA/Virginia Tech Joint Venture Agreement
Investigator(s): Bush, R. J. and G. Evans
Sponsor: USDA-Forest Service
Amount: $197,000
July 1, 2005 - June 30, 2006

Updated Pallet and Container Production and Recycling Research
Investigator(s): Bush, R.J., and P.A. Araman
Sponsor: National Wooden Pallet and Container Association/ USDA-Forest Service
Amount: $46,000
2004

Distance Education Joint Venture Agreement - Modification
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service
Amount: $4,930
2004

Distance Education Joint Venture Agreement
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA - Forest Service
Amount: $196,915
2004

Strategic Funding for the College of Natural Resources Program in Northern Virginia
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and D. Trauger
Sponsor: Virginia Tech Graduate School
Amount: $42,500
2004

Creating Sustainable Industry Growth in a Global Marketplace for Wood Products
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and D. Brinberg
Sponsor: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Amount: $45,000
January 1, 2003 - December 31, 2011

Creating Sustainable Industry Growth in a Global Marketplace for Wood Products
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and D. Brinberg
Sponsor: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Amount: $45,000
2003

Analysis of Southern Pine Use in the U.S. Furniture Industry
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Southern Forest Products Association
Amount: $5,000
2001

Analysis of Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Use in the U.S. Cabinet Industry
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and D. Cumbo
Sponsor: Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Association
Amount: $15,380
2001

Analysis of Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Use in the U.S. Cabinet Industry
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and D. Cumbo
Sponsor: Hardwood Plywood and Veneer Association
Amount: $16,390
2001

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s):  R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $110,900
2000

Assessment of the Need for Forest Products Marketing Education in Chile
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and R. L. Smith
Sponsor: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Amount: $10,000
2000

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $49,000
1999

Effects of Pallet Production and Recovery on U.S. Wood Demand
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, NE Station
Amount: $24,659
9/99 - 1/02

Critical Issues Affecting the Management of Eastern Forests for Non-Timber Forest Products
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and A. L. Hammett
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Southern Station
Amount: $19,619
2/99 - 2/02

Evaluating the Status and Potential for Wood Pallet Recovery and Reuse at U.S Landfills
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Southern Station
Amount: $24,954
7/98 - 7/01

Food and Agriculture National Needs Graduate Fellowships
Investigator(s): R. L. Smith and R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA CSREES
Amount: $108,000
2/98 - 1/03

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $69,100
1998

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $55,600
1997

Multi-Media Marketing Laboratory Equipment
Investigator(s): R. L. Smith, and R. J. Bush
Sponsor: University Trust Fund - Virginia Tech
Amount: $10,600
1997

Enhancing Industry/University Cooperation in Forest Products Marketing
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush, R. L. Smith, and A. L. Hammett
Sponsor: Virginia Tech - ASPIRES
Amount: $28,000
2/97 - 12/97

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $44, 650
1996

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $58,600
1995

Travel Grant
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Virginia Tech Foundation
Amount: $850
1995

The Identification of Market Opportunities for Wood in the US Transportation System: Phase II
Investigator(s): R. L. Smith and R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry
Amount: $26,861
9/95 - 9/97

Food and Agriculture National Needs Graduate Fellowships
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush, R. L. Smith, and A. L. Hammett
Sponsor: USDA CSREES
Amount: $54,000
9/95 - 8/00

Travel Grant
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Virginia Tech Foundation
Amount: $800
1994

The Role of New Technology Adoption in the Timber Bridge Market and its Affect on Rural Economic Development: Phase II
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and R. L. Smith
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry
Amount: $14,600
7/94 - 8/96

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $37,300
1994

Food and Agriculture National Needs Graduate Fellowships
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and P. M. Smith
Sponsor: USDA CSREES
Amount: $162,000
9/94 - 9/99

The Identification of Market Opportunities for Wood In the U.S. Transportation System: Phase I
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and R. L. Smith
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry
Amount: $26,321
1/93 - 9/95

Support for the Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Members of the CFPMMa
Amount: $39,400
1993

Travel Grant
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Virginia Tech Foundation
Amount: $1,000
1993

An Investigation of User Perceptions and Pallet Recycling by the U.S. Pallet and Container Industry � Phase II
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Station
Amount: $24,533
3/93 - 7/97

An Investigation of New Hardwood Products Opportunities in the Modular Housing Industry
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Station
Amount: $24,992
7/92 - 12/94

The Role of Strategy in the Competitiveness of the U.S. Wood Furniture Industry
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program
Amount: $68,190
9/92 - 9/95

An Investigation of User Perceptions and Pallet Recycling by the U.S. Pallet and Container Industry
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Station
Amount: $25,649
9/92 - 8/95

Understanding the Wood Cabinet Industry: A growing Value-Added Market for Hardwood Products
Investigator(s): s. A. Sinclair and R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station
Amount: $25,226
4/91 - 3/93

The Role of New Technology Adoption in the Timber Bridge Market and its Affect on Rural Economic Development: Phase I
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry
Amount: $17,440
10/91 - 12/94

Uncovering Value Adding Opportunities for Rural Primary Hardwood Processors Through Attribute Analysis
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and S. A. Sinclair
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Station
Amount: $32,494
3/91 - 3/93

An Investigation of Products and Supplier Attributes that are Determinant in the Purchase Decisions of European Buyers of Appalachian Hardwood Lumber
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush
Sponsor: Appalachian Export Center for Hardwoods
Amount: $22,075
8/90 - 5/92

Food and Agriculture National Needs Graduate Fellowships
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and S. A. Sinclair
Sponsor: USDA CSREES
Amount: $96,000
9/90 - 8/95

High Value Markets for Hardwood Lumber and Wood-Based Materials in the Wood Furniture Industries
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and S. A. Sinclair
Sponsor: USDA Forest Service
Amount: $28,756
8/90 - 8/92

Economics of Solar Predrying
Investigator(s): R. J. Bush and D. McCurdy
Sponsor: Shawnee Resource Conservation and Development Area, Soil Conservation Service
Amount: $7,500
6/86 - 12/87

 

 

 

 

  • Roberts, E.T., R.M. Shaffer and R.J. Bush. 2005. Injuries on Mechanized Logging Operations in the Southeastern United States in 2001. Forest Products Journal 55(3):8-89.

  • Chamberlain, James, Robert J. Bush, A.L. Hammett, and Philip A. Araman. 2002. Eastern national forests: Managing non-timber forest products. Journal of Forestry 100(1):8-14.

  • Bumgardner, M. S., R. J. Bush and C. D. West. 2001. Knots as an incongruent product feature: a demonstration of the potential for character-marked furniture. Journal of the Institute of Wood Science 15(6):327-336.
  • Bumgardner, M. S., R. J. Bush and C. D. West. 2001. Product development in large furniture companies: a descriptive model with implications for character-marked products. Wood and Fiber Science 33(2):302-313.

  • Bumgardner, M.S., R.J. Bush and C.D. West. 2000. Beyond Yield Improvement: Selected Marketing Aspects of Character-Marked Furniture. Forest Products Journal 50(9):51-58.

  • Smith, R.L., R.J. Bush, and S.A. Bowe. 1999. Perceptional Investigation into the Adoption of Timber Bridges: A National Comparative Study. Wood and Fiber Science 31(2):204-216.
  • Hansen, E.N. and R.J. Bush. 1999. Understanding Customer Quality Requirements: Model and Application. Industrial Marketing Management 22(8):119-130.

  • Chamberlain, J., R.J. Bush and A.L. Hammett. 1998. Non-Timber Forest Products: The Other Forest Products. Forest Products Journal 48(10):10-19.
  • Smith, R.L., J. Gomez and R.J. Bush. 1998. Factors Affecting Timber Bridge Decisions: A Case Analysis in Virginia and Wisconsin. Engineering Valuation and Cost Analysis 2(1):55-68.

  • Reddy, V.S. and R.J. Bush. 1997. Measuring Softwood Lumber Value: A Conjoint Analysis Approach. Forest Science 44(1):145-157.
  • Smith, R.L., R.J. Bush, and A.L. Hammett. 1997. Evaluating the Subject Needs for Wood Science and Forest Products Curricula. Wood and Fiber Science 30(1):105-112.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1997. A Qualitative Investigation of the Timber Bridge Market. Forest Products Journal 47(1):37-42.

  • Scheerer, C.E., R.J. Bush, and C.D. West. 1996. The Use of Substitute Material Pallets for Grocery Distribution. Forest Products Journal 46(2):29-36.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1996. A Non-Structural Evaluation of Competing Timber Bridge Materials. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 8(2):88-93.
  • Hansen, E.N. and R.J. Bush. 1996. Consumer Perceptions of Softwood Lumber Quality. Forest Products Journal 46(10):29-34.
  • Hansen, E.N. and R.J. Bush. 1996. An Empirical Assessment of the Dimensions of Softwood Lumber Quality. Forest Science 42(4):407-414.

  • Smith, R.L., R.J. Bush, and D. Schmoldt. 1995. A Hierarchical Model and Analysis of Factors Affecting the Adoption of Timber as a Bridge Material. Wood and Fiber Science 27(3):225-238.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1995. A Perceptional Investigation into the Adoption of Timber Bridges. Wood and Fiber Science 27(2):141-154.
  • Punches, J.W., E.N. Hansen, and R.J. Bush. 1995. Productivity Characteristics of the United States Wood Cabinet Industry. Forest Products Journal 45(10):33-38.

  • Ifju, P.A. and R.J. Bush. 1994. Export Assistance in the Hardwood Lumber Industry: An Examination of Awareness, Use and Perceived Benefit. Forest Products Journal 44(6):27-32.
  • Smith, R.L. and R.J. Bush. 1994. Marketing Practices in the Timber Bridge Industry. Forest Products Journal 44(11/12):27-33.
  • Christoforo, J.C., R.J. Bush, and W.G. Luppold. 1994. A Profile of the U.S. Pallet and Container Industry. Forest Products Journal 44(2):9-14.
  • Forbes, C.L., S.A. Sinclair, R.J. Bush, and P.A. Araman. 1994. Influence of Product and Supplier Attributes on Hardwood Lumber Purchase Decisions in the Furniture Industry. Forest Products Journal 44(2):51-56.

  • Ifju, P.A. and R.J. Bush. 1993. Export Barriers and Incentives in the Eastern Hardwood Lumber Industry. Forest Products Journal 43(3):45-48.

  • Bush, R.J. and S.A. Sinclair. 1992. Changing Strategies in Mature Industries: A Case Study. Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing 7(4):63-72.

  • Bush, R.J., and S.A. Sinclair. 1991. A Multivariate Model and Analysis of Competitive Strategy in the U.S. Hardwood Lumber Industry. Forest Science 37(2):481-499.
  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, and P.A. Araman. 1991. Determinant Product and Supplier Attributes in Domestic Markets for Hardwood Lumber. Forest Products Journal 41(1):33-40.
  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, and P.A. Araman. 1991. . A Qualitative Investigation of Competition in the U.S. Hardwood Lumber Industry. Forest Products Journal 41(11/12):43-49.

  • Bush, R.J. and S.A. Sinclair. 1989. Labor Productivity in Sawmills of the Eastern and Southeastern United States. Wood and Fiber Science 21(2):123-132.

  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, R.M. Shaffer, and B.G. Hansen. 1987. Equipment Needs and Capital Expenditure Budgets for Eastern Sawmills and Pallet Manufacturers. Forest Products Journal 37(11/12):55-59.
  • Bush, R.J. and S.A. Sinclair. 1987. Capital Budgeting Practices of Small- to Medium-Sized Sawmills and Pallet Mills. Forest Products Journal 37(10):68-71.

  • Bush, R. J. and P. A. Araman. 2010. Report Shows Fewer Pallets Entering Landfills. Pallet Enterprise 30(1):71.

  • Bush, R. J. and P. A. Araman. 2009. Materials Use and Production Changes in the United States Wood Pallet and Container Industry: 1999 to 2006. Pallet Enterprise 29(6):38-43.
  • Bush, R. J. and P. A. Araman. 2009. Pallet Recovery, Repair and Remanufacturing in a Changing Industry: 1999 to 2006. Pallet Enterprise 29(8):22,24-27.

  • Bejune, Jeffrey J., Robert J. Bush, Philip A. Araman, Bruce Hansen, and Dan W. Cumbo. 2002. Recycling behind most growth in pallet production. Pallet Enterprise 22(9):26-37.
  • Bejune, Jeffrey J., Robert J. Bush, Philip A. Araman, Bruce Hansen, and Dan W. Cumbo. 2002. Pallet industry relying more on recovered wood material. Pallet Enterprise 22(10):20-27.

  • Corr, D.T. and R. J. Bush. 2001. The Status of Pallet Recovery at U.S. Landfills. Hardwood Matters. National Hardwood Lumber Association 11(Februrary):15-17.
  • Bush, R.J., D.T. Corr and P.A. Araman. 2001. Fewer Pallets Reaching Landfill, More are Processed for Recovery. Pallet Enterprise 21(5):18-21.
  • Bush, R.J. 2001. Trends in the Use of Wood Materials for Pallets and Containers. Pallet Central 4(May):1-19.

  • Araman, P.A., R.J. Bush, E.B. Hager, and A.L. Hammett. 1999. Landfills - Potential Source for Cores. Pallet Enterprise 19(2):20-24.

  • Bush, R.J. and P.A. Araman. 1998. Changes and Trends the Pallet Industry: Trends in the Recovery and Recycling of Used Pallets. Hardwood Market Report. March 7. LXXVI(10):13-15.
  • Bush, R.J. and P.A. Araman. 1998. Changes and Trends the Pallet Industry: Trends in the Use of Alternative Materials. Hardwood Market Report. March 14. LXXVI(11):11-14.
  • Bush, R.J., R.L. Smith and A.L. Hammett. 1998. Center for Forest Products Marketing and Management: Innovators in Forest Products Education. American Lumber and Pallet pp. 45.
  • Bush, R.J. and P.A. Araman. 1998. Changes and Trends in the Pallet Industry: The Use of New Wood Materials. Hardwood Market Report. Feb. 28 LXXVI(9):11-14.

  • Araman, P.A., R.J. Bush, and V.S. Reddy. 1997. Municipal Solid Waste Landfills and Wood Pallets -- What's Happening in the United States? Pallet Enterprise 17(2):50-56.
  • Bush, R.J., V.S. Reddy, and P.A. Araman. 1997. Construction and Demolition Landfills and Wood Pallets -- What's Happening in the United States. Pallet Enterprise 17(3):27-31.
  • Bush, R.J. and P.A. Araman. 1997. Use of New Wood Material for Pallets, Containers is Stagnant to Declining. Pallet Enterprise 17(8):34-38.
  • Bush, R.J. and P.A. Araman. 1997. Recycling Growth Reducing Pallet Industry's Need for New Wood. Pallet Enterprise 17(9):61-63,66.

  • Reddy, V.S. and R.J. Bush. 1995. Treating Overview: Lumber Characteristics Greater Concern to Buyers than Service. Southern Lumberman 256(10):66-67.
  • Bush, R.J., V.S. Reddy, and E.N. Hansen. 1995. The Role of Quality in Wood Products Industries. Crow's Forest Industry Journal 10(1):5-7.

  • Bush, R.J., E. Hansen, and P.A. Araman. 1994. The Use of New and Recycled Wood Materials by the Pallet Industry. Pallet Enterprise 14(9):16,18,20.
  • Engle, C.A., C.D. West, and R.J. Bush. 1994. The Use of Substitute Material Pallets by the Grocery Distribution Industry. Pallet Enterprise 14(10):24-26.
  • Bush, R.J. 1994. The Center for Forest Products Marketing. Weekly Hardwood Review October 16, pp. 35-36.

  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, and P.A. Araman. 1990. Match Your Hardwood Lumber to Current Market Needs. Part I. Southern Lumberman 251(7):24-25.
  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, and P.A. Araman. 1990. Match Your Hardwood Lumber to Current Market Needs. Part II. Southern Lumberman 251(8):24-27.
  • Bush, R.J., S.A. Sinclair, and P.A. Araman. 1990. Match Your Hardwood Lumber to Market Needs. Parts I & II. Reprinted in American Hardwood Export Council Update. American Hardwood Export Council. September.

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Robert J. Bush
  • (540) 231-8834
  • rbush@vt.edu
  • Sustainable Biomaterials
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